Heraklio (or Iraklio) Crete:

The prefecture of Heraklion (Iraklio), second from the right, covers an area of 120 km2. and lies between the prefectures of Rethymno and Lassithi. It is the most populated prefecture of Crete and its capital, the town of Heraklion, is the capital of the island. Other developed towns and villages are Agia Pelagia, Malia, Hersonissos, a very well organized summer resort, Epano Arhanes, Nea Alikarnassos, Myres and Agia Varvara. The climate in the prefecture is very good with sunshine most of the year. There are various mountains with Dikti mountain chain and Kofinas being the most important and also a few valleys. You can rent a car or a bike from many car rentals in the capital and in other developed tourist vilages or you can use the bus to move from any location of the prefecture to another.



The prefecture of Heraklion has many breathtaking locations, ideal for nature lovers. Impressive caves such as Kamares in Zaros and villages with sandy beaches such as Kali Limenes present glorious images that nature and time have created.
There are also many areas for climbing and hiking and various summer resorts, where you can enjoy the sea, while water skiing or wind surfing. A sense of adventure and a desire for exploration are all you need to discover the beauties of the Heraklion prefecture.


Heraklion International Airport, or Nikos Kazantzakis Airport is located about 5 km east of the city. The airport is named after Herkalion native Nikos Kazantzakis, a Greek writer and philosopher. It is the second busiest airport of Greece, mostly due to the fact that Crete is a major destination for tourists during summer. There are regular domestic flights to and from Athens, Thessaloniki and Rhodes with Aegean Airlines and Olympic Airlines. Also flying to and from Athens is Athens Airways, whereas Cyprus Airways and Aegean Airlines fly to Larnaca. Furthermore, Sky Express operates direct flights to Aegean islands such as Rhodes, Santorini, Samos, Kos, Mytilini and Ikaria. During the summer period, traffic is intense and the flight destinations are from all over Europe (mostly Germany, UK, Italy and Russia). The airfield is shared with the 126 Combat Group of the Hellenic Air Force. The take off in western direction leads directly over the town of Heraklion, which makes it a very noisy city.


The Minoan Palace of Knossos tel: +30 2810 231940, +30 2810 226470, +30 2810 226092, +30 2810 224630 fax: +30 2810 241515 protocol@kgepka.culture.gr. Full ticket: €6, Reduced: €3;

Special ticket package: Full: €10, Reduced: €5, valid for: Heraklion Archaeological Museum and Knossos Site, Open Winter: Daily 08.30-15.00 Summer: 08.00-19.30. [23]] Knossos (Greek Κνωσός, the accent is on the second syllable) is the site of the most important and best known Minoan palace complex in Crete. It is located some 5 km (3 mi) south of Heraklion. According to tradition, Knossos was the seat of the legendary Cretan king Minos. The Palace is also connected with further legends, such as the myth of the Labyrinth and the Minotaur, as well as the story of Daidalos and Ikaros. Excavation has revealed that the site was continuously inhabited from the Neolithic period (7000-3000 B.C.) until Roman times.

Koules, the Venetian castle in the Harbour (Greek: Κούλες)
Venetian Walls (Greek: Τείχη)
Loggia (Greek: Λότζια)
Morosini Fountain (a.k.a. Lions Square) (Greek: Λιοντάρια)
St. Minas Cathedral (Greek: Άγιος Μηνάς)
St. Titus Church (Greek: Άγιος Τίτος)
St. Catherine of the Sinaites Church (Greek: Αγία Αικατερίνη Σιναϊτών)
St. Mark's Basilica (Greek: Βασιλική Αγίου Μάρκου)
Dominican Church of St. Peter (Greek: Άγιος Πέτρος Δομηνικανών)


Heraklion Archaeological Museum [24] 2 Xanthoudidou Street, tel +30-2810-224630, 280370, fax +30-2810-332610, houses the most important and representative finds from Minoan civilisation and excavations across the island of Crete. Highlights include statues of the Snake Goddess, the famous Bull-Leaping Fresco, the enigmatic and mysterious Phaistos Disk, and Minoan seals and jewelery. Also includes a number of finds from Classical Greek and Roman periods. The Heraklion Archaeological Museum is one of the world's great museums, embodying a whole splendid vanished culture. At least two hours should be allowed to see it, and it could easily take longer. For those seriously interested in that culture, it will be worth while to make two visits to the museum, one before, and one after, visiting Knossos and other Minoan sites: seeing the museum first will enhance your understanding of the sites, and after seeing the sites, you'll be better able to understand the artifacts in the museum when you return. Note: The Heraklion Archeological Museum closed in November 2006 for renovations. The museum's current status and date of full reopening are uncertain.A temporary, partial exhibit has been opened which is placed at the southern part of the old museum at I. Hatzidaki street, where someone can see the most important exhibits of the museum, among which are the Snake Godess and the Phaistos Disc

Museum of the Battle for Crete and National Resistance Recounts the tale of Cretan and Allied resistance against Nazi invaders in World War II.

Museum of Natural History, University of Crete, S. Venizelou Ave., Tel./Fax: +30 2810 324366,[25].

Historical Museum of Crete, 27, Sofokli Venizelou Ave. /7, Lysimachou Kalokerinou St., Tel: (++30) 2810 283219, 288708, [26].

Lychnostatis open-air Cretan folklore museum, Tel: +3028970-23660, [27]. Su-F 9AM-2PM. €4,50.

CretAquarium Thalassocosmos open June -September 09:00-21:00 October-May 09:00-19:00 tel Reception: +30 2810-337788 Bookings: +30 2810-337888, fax: +30 2810-337882 [28], the biggest aquarium in the Eastern Mediterranean. Located about nine miles east of Heraklion on the National Road (signposted) or by Cretan Intercity Bus (tel +30 2810 246530); for more information call the Reception number, above.

Nikos Kazantzakis Museum [29]. Open daily from 9AM-7PM (Mar-Oct); 10AM-3PM (Nov-Feb), €3, tel +30 2810-741689, in the village of Myrtia (Varvari) 15 km. south of Heraklion, directions on the museum's web site [30] focuses on Crete's most prominent modern intellectual figure.

Map Heraklio (or Iraklio) Crete:

View map of Heraklio Crete in larger map

Geographical data Heraklio (or Iraklio) Crete:

Population:                        137.711
Area:                                120 km2
Postal code:        
Telephone:                        2810 / 28970


Photos of Heraklio (or Iraklio) Crete:


Hotels Heraklio (or Iraklio) Crete:
Atrion Hotel
Kronos hotel
Galaxy Iraklio hotel
Sofia hotel 
Aquila Atlantis hotel
Astoria Capsis


Tourist Guides (Travel Guides) TRAVEL GREECE:

Astypalea (or Astipalea)

Kythnos or Kithnos

Mykonos (Myconos or Mikonos)

Nissiros (Nisiros or Nisyros)